Throwing Up Blood after Drinking

Throwing up blood is generally a cause for alarm. This usually occurs when there is a tear in the person’s gastrointestinal tract, causing it to bleed. There are plenty of reasons why this happens and the amount of vomited blood and frequency of throwing up differs among individuals. People who throw up blood may also find some blood in their stool. Sufferers may likewise experience other unpleasant symptoms like fainting and dizziness in addition to vomiting blood.

Throwing up blood is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment. It is a life-threatening condition especially when it occurs with chest pain, pale lips, breathing difficulties and rapid heartbeat. One should stay away from taking over the counter pain relievers because this will only make things worse. There are different treatment options available to address the underlying cause of vomiting blood.

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Why do people throw up blood?

People throw up blood when there is bleeding within the upper digestive tract, which starts from the mouth all the way to the esophagus, stomach and finally, the small intestine. Throwing up blood is attributed to a variety of reasons, and these include:

  • Gastritis

This medical condition occurs when the stomach lining becomes inflamed which is generally caused by excessive intake of alcohol or traumatic injury. Prolonged ingestion of pain medicines could also result to gastritis. If left untreated, gastritis may lead to cancer.

  • Duodenitis

This condition is characterized by an inflamed duodenum which could be chronic and acute at the same time. Duodenitis may be a result of an irritated intestinal wall due to the overproduction of stomach acids or the intake of NSAIDs and aspirin.

  • Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is a medical condition characterized by an inflamed pancreas as a result of too much iron, malnutrition, injury or excessive alcohol intake.

  • Liver cirrhosis

This is also known as hepatic fibrosis wherein the liver fails to function properly as a result of tissue scar in the liver caused by chronic disease. The liver of people afflicted by liver cirrhosis is unable to produce protein, store vitamins, cleanse the blood and strengthen the immune system.

  • Liver failure

Liver failure indicates that the liver has stopped working due to liver damage and this requires immediate medical attention.

Vomiting blood has been frequently noted after drinking and during pregnancy.

Throwing up blood after drinking

Vomiting blood after drinking normally occurs when someone consumes alcohol excessively. Alcoholic beverages are mostly acidic and consuming them excessively can irritate the protective lining of the gastrointestinal tract and cause the blood vessels to rupture. The condition is not limited to long-term abuse of alcohol but even in short-time binge drinking as well. Short-time binge drinking stimulates constant vigorous vomiting which could tear the tiny blood vessels and tissues on the throat or esophagus. On the other hand, chronic abuse of alcohol leads to more serious medical problems and causes one to throw up blood.

Throwing up blood while pregnant

Vomiting is definitely normal during the early stages of pregnancy. However, it is certainly abnormal when the fluid being vomited is blood. Vomiting blood during pregnancy signals a serious health problem. Throwing up blood while pregnant could be a sign of hypertension which requires prompt medical attention. It could also occur as a result of dehydration, starvation and nutritional deficiency. Food poisoning and weakness could also cause pregnant women to vomit blood.

What are the symptoms that accompany throwing up blood?

The accompanying symptoms of vomiting blood vary among individuals depending on the disease or condition that cause one to throw up blood. It should be noted that anything that affects the gastrointestinal tract is felt by other parts of the body. The most common symptoms that often accompany vomiting blood include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Bloating
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Blood-tinge stools
  • Fatigue
  • Lightheadedness
  • Lethargy
  • Pale skin
  • Breathing difficulties

What to do when someone starts throwing up blood?

The best course of action when someone vomits blood is to bring the patient to the hospital. Better yet, call 911 should signs of life-threatening situations are evident, such as labored breathing, pale skin, fainting, blurry vision, dizziness and confusion. Vomiting blood requires prompt medical attention. It is very important to determine the exact cause of bleeding so as to avoid significant blood loss which may worsen the condition. Even though not all cases of vomiting blood signify major health problems, it is best to leave it to the experts to identify the root cause of blood in the vomit.

How is throwing up blood treated?

The treatment for throwing up blood differs with each individual, depending on the cause of bleeding. The color of the blood can indicate the severity of the underlying medical condition, and doctors must assess the condition with a comprehensive medical evaluation. Treating the condition may involve giving prescription medications, and in some cases, surgery.


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