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Strep throat rash

Strep throat rash is an infection (due to bacteria) in throat. It makes the throat itchy and painful. It is important that it should be treated fast because it may lead to serious problems to kidney and cause rheumatic fever which in turn will further lead to rashes, pain in joints and damages to valves of heart. All age group of people are affected by strep throat rash but mainly it affects children between five to fifteen age groups.

Symptoms of Strep throat rash

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Some of the symptoms of strep throat rash are as follows:

  • Rashes
  • Pain in throat
  • Small red colored marks on the palate i.e. place at the rear of the mouth
  • Tiredness
  • Pain in stomach and the person suffering from strep throat rash might tend to vomit, it happens mostly with children
  • Severe headache
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Finding it difficult to swallow things
  • Problem in breathing
  • Swelling of nodes i.e. the lymph glands in the neck
  • Tonsils become reddish and swell up, also at times white patch or pus is seen.

Sometimes a child may have all the above given symptoms and the child may not be suffering from strep throat rash but could be some other infection. Therefore the doctor has to check it accurately whether it is strep throat rash or not.

Causes of Strep throat rash

Strep throat rash is due to bacteria called streptococcus pyogenes which is also called as group A streptococcus. These bacteria are very much infectious. It can spread very fast. Usually when a person suffering from strep throat rash sneezes else coughs, this bacteria is spread through drops in air, infecting the other people also. Streptococcal bacteria can be spread through food and drinks as well and these bacteria can be transferred to the nose or mouth from doorknobs or other surfaces also. Streptococcal bacteria affect the skin, tonsils, blood, sinuses and middle ear.

Test and Diagnosis

Some of the test to determine whether the person is suffering from strep throat rash is:

  • Rapid DNA test: With the use of rapid DNA test strep throat rash can be detected from a swab of throat in within one day. The result of test is fast and accurate.
  • Throat culture: This type of test is a lengthy procedure, it takes approximately two days. First a sterile swab is to be rubbed on the backside of the tonsil and throat to get a sample of secretion. Then this sample is refined in a lab to know whether it has any streptococcal bacteria.
  • Rapid antigen test:  In this test the swab sample is sent for a rapid antigen test through which streptococcal bacteria is detected within few minutes by checking for antigens i.e. foreign particles. But it has one minus point that is it may fail to notice a few streptococcal bacteria. Therefore doctors prefer throat culture to rapid antigen test.

Treatment for Strep throat rash

Many medicines are accessible to cure strep throat rash. Usually antibiotics are recommended. They are:

  • Amoxicillin: It is a medicine usually for kids as it has good taste and is accessible as a tablet which can be chewed.
  • Penicillin: It can be through injections also especially when a small child is unable to swallow the medicine or vomits due to strep throat rash. If the child is having allergy to penicillin then the doctor prescribes other medicines like:
  • Azithromycin [Zithromax]
  • Cephalexin [Keflex]
  • Erythromycin

All these antibiotic medicines reduce the time and seriousness of the strep throat rash symptom and complication. After the consuming the medicines still if the child shows no proper improvement within forty eight hours then doctor has to be called immediately. Apart from the medicines one can do the following to lessen the pain caused due to strep throat rash. They are:

  • Eat food that soothes: Foodstuff like yogurt, cereal (cooked) potatoes which are mashed, soft fruits and eggs. Also puree can be added so that it is easy to swallow. Cold food like sherbet and frozen fruit pop can also be eaten. Spicy and food that cause acidity have to be avoided.
  • Plenty of rest: One has to sleep well in order to get well soon. One should avoid going to work and children should also be kept at home till the treatment is complete.
  • Plan activities for sick kid: Since the child has to be at home to be treated then it is advisable that to plan some activities that the child will enjoy.
  • Use a humidifier: Moisture in air helps to do away with the uneasiness due to strep throat rash as moisture helps to keep the mucous membrane remain moist and thus avoiding irritation (due to dryness). The humidifier has to be a cool mist and has to be cleansed every day.
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Gargling with warm salt water.
  • Keep away from anything that would cause irritation and increase the infection like cigarette smoke, fumes from cleaning product or paint.

Strep throat rash pictures

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