Perioral Dermatitis – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Pictures

What is Perioral Dermatitis ?

It is a type of skin problem that primarily affects the face, particularly the area surrounding the mouth. The areas around the nose and eyes could also be affected. Majority of the affected individuals are women who describe the condition to be more painful than itchy. Some though reportedly feel a mild burning sensation on the affected region. The condition is not associated with any kind of underlying health problem.

Since Perioral dermatitis can have a huge effect on the social well-being of the sufferer, its treatment can help the patient gain back his/her self-confidence. Doctors diagnose the condition by carefully evaluating the offending factors.  A treatment plan will then be designed based on the result of the assessment. Treatment may be a combination of systemic use of medications and natural remedies.

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What causes Perioral Dermatitis?

Experts and healthcare professionals do not exactly know why this kind of skin condition occurs. A lot of factors have been associated with the emergence of this kind of skin problem, these include:

  • Topical creams/ointments that contain steroids
  • Fluorinated toothpaste
  • Hormonal changes
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Bacteria and yeast
  • UV light rays and strong winds
  • Face creams, moisturizers, sunscreens and make-up foundation
  • Poor facial care

How many people suffer from Perioral Dermatitis?

Statistics showed that this nasty skin problem happens more frequently in women than in men, affecting 1 out of 100 females. Yet, it can affect men and young ones as well. The rise of men skincare products is a contributing factor to the increase in the number of men suffering from this skin problem.

The condition is not life-threatening but it does have a huge impact on the emotion and social well-being of the sufferers due to the unsightly and chronic nature of the disorder. The problem is rarely seen children as it is common among women in their 20s through 40s.

Perioral Dermatitis symptoms

People with this skin problem have red, lumpy spots on the skin surrounding the mouth as well as on the regions surrounding the chin, nose and eyes. They resemble small acne spots but they are pinkish or reddish and located next to each other. The rashes make the skin flaky and dry.

This particular skin condition should not be mistaken for rosacea or seborrheic dermatitis because the condition does not affect the skin lying next to the lips. The lumpy spots could likewise contain pus and some sufferers feel a burning sensation. Generally, it is not itchy, though some reported some mild itchy sensation on the affected areas.

Perioral Dermatitis Diagnosis

There is no definitive test for this skin problem and doctors often diagnose the disease based on the characteristics of the lumpy spots. Though it is not a grave condition, but it still requires a prompt visit to the doctor or a dermatologist. This is especially important for those who have frequent bouts of rashes. It may take some time to figure out the most appropriate treatment method that will work, but following the doctor’s recommendation religiously can really make a difference.

Perioral Dermatitis Treatment

This skin problem is hard to treat because the bumps often reappear after a regimen of facial creams that contain steroids is completed. The treatment for the condition often runs for several months. Among the treatment options available for patients are:

  • Avoiding putting anything on the face

This is often the first line of treatment which means completely avoiding putting anything on the face. This specially applies to all sorts of topical creams, ointments and cosmetic products that contain steroids. Applying topical steroids to the affected skin will only aggravate the condition.  Patients may also be advised to avoid using fluoride-containing toothpastes. The chances of recurrence will be substantially lowered if the affected individual avoids using steroid-containing skincare products. For sunscreen protection, patients are advised to opt for gel or liquid milk sunscreen.

  • Taking medications

Treatment may also involve taking prescription medications which may last from 6 to 12 weeks. The patient may not see any improvements in the early weeks of treatment, so it is imperative to persevere as results will only be visible after two months of rigorous medication. Some of the drugs used for treatment are tetracycline, isotretinoin, erythromycin, tacrolimus, metronidazole, sodium sulfacetamide, pimecrolimus, benzoyl peroxide and clindamycin.

  • Proper skincare

Proper skincare also helps in managing this unsightly skin condition. It should be noted that one of the triggering factors of the disorder is poor skincare. Sufferers should only use liquid facial cleansers when the rashes had already cleared up and should only use warm water in washing the face when the rash is still present. Pimecrolimus cream may be employed in reducing skin inflammation.

Perioral Dermatitis natural cure

These usually come in the form of healthy foods that will help restore healthy skin.  Yogurt and natural ingredients like apple cider vinegar help in restoring the natural acid covering of the skin.

Those who are trying to conceive or are expecting should consult their doctor first before trying any of the treatment options for perioral dermatitis to avoid any form of pregnancy-related complications.

Perioral Dermatitis Pictures

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