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Mosquito Bite – Allergy, Remedies, Pictures

Mosquito bite allergy,  pictures, symptoms like swelling, itch and remedies are discussed in this article.

Getting a mosquito bite is inevitable and anyone could get it – from infants to adults. Mosquito bites cause extremely itchy bumps that could last for days. Aside from causing annoying itchiness, a mosquito bite can also cause serious health problems. This is because the mosquito is one of the leading carriers of various diseases and its bite facilitates the spread of these diseases.

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Mosquito bite treatment provides relief from the intense itchiness which results from it. Itchiness and swelling have been found to improve with home care treatment methods involving herbal remedies, essential oils, topical creams and lotions, as well as medicines. Victims should be cautious though if the itchiness is accompanied by other symptoms, or if it does not respond to holistic treatment approach. The symptoms could signal an underlying disease transmitted by the mosquito.

Why do mosquito bites itch ?

A mosquito bite is an injury brought about by the female mosquito which could transmit harmful diseases to human beings. This winged insect has a slender body with long legs, and has integrated heat and visual sensors that allow it to sense a host nearby. The mosquitoes’ chemical sensors also allow them to sense the chemical excreted by living organisms up to 100 feet.

Once they’ve made their way onto the skin, mosquitoes immediately insert their proboscis or the sharp and thin part of the mouth to suck blood. The insect also deposits some saliva into the skin while feeding. The saliva contains anticoagulant properties to thin out the blood and prevent blood clotting. Some of the protein content of the mosquito’s saliva remains on the skin which triggers the body’s immune response causing the bite site to swell and itch.

Allergic reaction to mosquito bites

There is usually confusion in distinguishing a mosquito bite from other insect bites. However, bites from mosquitoes feature itchy and soft bumps on the skin which could be pinkish or reddish. Some may notice the bumps soon after getting bitten, while in others these may appear a couple of days after. Moreover, those who have hypersensitivity to these bites may experience a substantial area of itchiness.

It has been noted that some people get mosquito bites more often than others. Studies showed that mosquitoes tend to have guidelines when selecting their possible host based on the following factors:

  • Individual’s scent
  • Carbon dioxide exhaled
  • Chemical present in the sweat

Further research revealed that mosquitoes prefer to bite men and overweight persons. They are fond of blood type O individuals and those who wear heat-absorbent clothes.

Mosquito bite symptoms

The effects of mosquito bites differ in every individual depending on their age, sensitivity and diseases carried by the mosquito itself. The following may possibly occur if a mosquito bite is ignored:

  • Infection

Infection will likely happen if a mosquito bite is ignored. This is due to the intense itchiness and resultant scratching that could lead to sores which can become infected.

  • Allergic reaction

The bite could lead to anaphylaxis, a serious allergic reaction which requires prompt treatment. The victim will complain about inflamed throat, wheezing and hives.

  • Serious health problems

Mosquitoes help spread various diseases, some of which are deadly, like malaria, dengue and yellow fever.

The victim must be brought to the doctor if he or she experiences severe headache, fever, nausea, vomiting and body aches.

Treatment of Mosquito bite

Treatment for mosquito bites aims to relieve itchiness as well as prevent infection from ensuing. A mosquito bite could be treated using home care treatments and over-the-counter medications. Some of the effective mosquito bite remedies are:

  • Baking soda paste

Baking soda paste can help relieve discomfort associated to mosquito bites. This is simply a mixture of water and baking soda.

  • Ice pack application

Applying cold temperature onto the bite site is also effective in relieving itchiness and swelling as this helps block histamines from going to the skin.

  • Witch Hazel

Witch Hazel possesses astringent and antiseptic properties which help get rid of itchiness.

  • Garlic, onion and honey

These have long been used in treating mosquito bites naturally. Garlic and onion work in controlling skin irritation while honey has antibiotic properties to cure infection.

  • Herbal remedies

There are plenty of herbal remedies for itchy mosquito bites. Among these are peppermint oil, tea tree oil, lavender oil, Aloe Vera gel, tansy oil, eucalyptus oil, crush basil and sandalwood paste.

  • Mentholated products

These products have also been used in treating mosquito bites. Menthol helps in relieving burning sensation as well as itchiness.

  • Calamine lotion and hydrocortisone cream

These products have long been famed as effective remedies for itchy mosquito bites. They help in relieving irritation caused by a mosquito bite.

  • Oral or cream antihistamines

Antihistamines help reduce the severity of the symptoms by stopping the histamines from penetrating deeper into the tissues.

Anyone who suffers a mosquito bite should avoid scratching it to avert bacterial infection. The bitten area should be washed with water and soap.

Mosquito Bites Pictures

Here are pictures of mosquito bites including the closeup of the insect biting on the skin

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