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Mangosteen Benefits

What is Mangosteen ?

Mangosteen is a tree that is native to Southeast Asia and bears a fruit that is shaped like a pear. The fruit’s flesh is dense and its rind is smooth and thin. The fruit is tasty and somewhat acidic with a flavor similar to that of peach or citrus. Mangosteen fruit color ranges from purplish red to deep purple when ripe. Mangosteen benefits are many and marketers use the medicinal and nutritional benefits of the fruit to sell its products. Mangosteen is available in the form of puree or supplements or in the form of mangosteen juice. It’s very difficult to find fresh mangosteen in the United States, but one can definitely avail of mangosteen supplements or canned products at various health food stores.

History of Mangosteen

The botanical name for mangosteen is Garcinia mangostana. The tree can be found in the Southeast Asian countries such as Singapore, Malaysia, China, Taiwan and the Philippines. The height of this evergreen tree ranges from 7 to nearly eighty feet. Farmers in the United States have tried to cultivate the tree in regions such as Florida, Hawaii and California, but mangosteen has not adapted to the climatic and soil conditions in those states.

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Mangosteen juice and its other products are great sources of antioxidants and several nutrients. However, it is advisable to consult a doctor before consuming the fruit and enjoying the mangosteen benefits.

Mangosteen Health Benefits

  • The stem bark of mangosteen tree contains an active chemical substance called alpha-mangostin. Some studies have indicated that this ingredient is very useful in treating bacterial infections as well as countering the affects of bacteria that do not respond to traditional antibiotic therapies.
  • Xanthones are compounds with antioxidant abilities and effectively inhibit the spread or growth of cancer cells. The roots and stem of mangosteen have the most potent variety of xanthones and therefore it can be consumed for its anti-carcinogenic properties.
  • Alpha-mangostin that is extracted from the rind of mangosteen fruit has been found to have anti bacterial properties that fight the bacteria that cause acne.
  • The antioxidant properties of mangosteen boost the immune system in fight the free radicals, thereby preventing damage to the body. It also helps in faster healing of wounds and injuries.
  • The consumption of mangosteen fruit  is also an effective way to treat allergies as it has anti-inflammatory and antihistaminic qualities.
  • The tannins present in mangosteen rind are used to make topical medications that tighten the mucous membranes and the skin.

Side effects of Mangosteen

  • Mangosteen interferes with the working of the drugs used to treat cancer. Any consumption of mangosteen products should be done only after consulting your oncologist.
  • When excess of lactic acid is collected in the body due to glucose metabolism, it results in a metabolic condition called lactic acidosis. Some cases have revealed that regular intake of mangosteen can result in lactic acidosis.
  • Diabetic patients should avoid the intake of mangosteen as it has very high sugar content
  • People who are prone to allergies should not intake mangosteen as it may result in side effects such as itching, rashes or hives. Severe cases of mangosteen allergy may show symptoms such as swelling or inflammation of the throat, mouth or lips and chest tightness or pain.
  • Mangosteen may hamper with the ability of the body to prevent bleeding. Hence individuals who are taking blood thinning drugs should avoid consuming mangosteen as it may result in excessive bleeding.

Mangosteen – Nutritional information

For every 100 grams, here is the nutritional information in Mangosteen

Energy 63 Kcal

Protein 0.50 g

Carbohydrates 15.6 g

Total Fat 0.4 g

Folates 31 µg

Dietary Fiber 5.10 g

Niacin 0.286 mg

Pyridoxine 0.041 mg

Pantothenic acid 0.032 mg

Riboflavin 0.054 mg

Vitamin A 35 IU

Thiamin 0.054 mg

Vitamin C 7.2 mg

Potassium 48 mg

Sodium 7 mg

Calcium 5.49 mg

Copper 0.069 mg

Magnesium 13.9 mg

Iron 0.17 mg

Manganese 0.10 mg

Zinc 0.12 mg

Phosphorus 9.21 mg

Mangosteen pictures

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