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Lipid Profile Normal Values

Not many people know the lipid profile normal values. In fact, many do not know what lipids are and why they need to be monitored.

What are Lipids?

Lipids are natural compounds that are composed of fats and other derivatives. These are substances that do not dissolve in water. Eating too much fatty foods, especially those containing saturated fats, can cause cholesterol to build up in the arteries which may then develop into a heart disease. People who are at risk, or even those people who want to stay healthy, must know the lipid profile normal values to guide them in regulating their fat intake. The lipid profile test is the assessment used to determine the lipid content of the system. The test is also employed to find out if the person is at risk of having coronary heart disease.

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What are the different lipid profile normal values?

The Lipid profile test is a screening test done on adults once in every five years. The Lipid profile test includes the following parameters: Cholesterol level, Lipoprotein (high density and low density lipoprotein), and triglycerides.

Cholesterol levels – high, low and normal

Cholesterol is a lipid that helps the cells of the body in producing hormones and bile components. The Cholesterol test is helpful in determining if the person is at risk of having a heart disease. The lipid profile normal value for cholesterol in the blood is less than 200 mg per dl. If the cholesterol’s lipid profile normal value is not met, then there may be problems that can be encountered.

  • If the cholesterol level is very low compared to the lipid profile normal value of cholesterol, then the person may have an underlying problem such as diseases of the liver and intestines, malnutrition and hyperthyroidism.
  • If the cholesterol level ranges from 200 to 239 mg per dl, the person is at the borderline to having heart disease risks. The doctor may order tests that can determine which cholesterol (High density lipoprotein or low density lipoprotein) caused the slightly higher value than normal. Thus, when the cholesterol level is slightly above the lipid profile normal value then immediate management should be the focus to prevent it from going higher.
  • Having a cholesterol level of 240 mg per dl and above means that the person is at risk of developing heart diseases such as atherosclerosis. The doctor will then order laboratory examinations to identify the cause so that appropriate intervention can be done on time.

People should know the lipid profile normal values of cholesterol, especially those who have routine lipid profile tests done to properly monitor the cholesterol level in their blood, whether they are responding positively to the treatment and effectively reducing their cholesterol levels. Factors that increase the risk of having cholesterol levels higher than the lipid profile normal values are cigarette smoking, old age, obesity, family history of heart disease, hypertension and diabetes mellitus.

High Density Lipoprotein

High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) is a type of cholesterol that is good for the body. It is called the good cholesterol because it carries the cholesterol accumulating in the arteries to the liver for proper utilization. It protects the body against heart diseases. The lipid profile normal values of high density lipoprotein are 30 to 60 mg per dl. If a person’s HDL is lesser than the lipid profile normal values, he or she may be at risk of having a heart disease since the HDL is not enough to transport the accumulated cholesterol in the arteries to the liver for proper usage. On the other hand, if the person’s HDL is higher than the lipid profile normal values then it is a good indication that the heart is protected against bad cholesterol.

Low Density Lipoprotein

Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) is known as the bad cholesterol because it carries the cholesterol and triglycerides to the different parts of the body. The lipid profile normal values for low density lipoprotein are 100 to 129 mg per dl. If the person has 130 to 189 mg per dl LDL, he/she is considered have high low density lipoprotein; but if the person has 190 mg per dl and above then the person has very high low density lipoprotein. Having very high LDL predisposes the person to heart diseases since the extremely elevated levels of low density lipoprotein would then help in the transportation of cholesterol and triglycerides.  This would result to excessive amounts which would then lead to atherosclerosis.

Triglycerides

Triglycerides are fats that can cause the narrowing of the arteries if too much of it has accumulated in the blood. The lipid profile normal values for triglyceride are 150 mg per dl and below. Having 200 mg per dl of triglyceride level makes the person more prone to having atherosclerosis.

Knowing the lipid profile normal values and doing the necessary steps to keep to these desirable values will help in averting heart diseases. Healthy eating, accompanied by regular exercise, reduces the risk of developing a heart disease.

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