Left side Abdominal Pain

Abdomen is a part of the body that lies between thorax and the pelvic bone. The area below the navel is called as lower abdomen and above the navel is known as upper abdomen. Ribs are present on the upper portion and pelvis at the lower portion. Abdomen consists of various major body structures such as liver, pancreas, appendix, kidneys, etc. Any disorder or injuries to body organs such as blood vessels, spleen, nerves of the abdomen in the left side, kidneys, adrenal gland, ovaries, ureter on the left side, can cause abdominal pain. When pain occurs in the left portion of the abdomen then it called as left side abdominal pain. It is very common and everyone suffers from left side pain in the abdomen at least once in their lifetime. Also these pains could mean some underlying fatal disease or infections. When a person suffers from continuous or severe pain in the left side of the abdomen,then a doctor should be consulted immediately to take proper treatment.

Causes of lower left side abdominal pain

  • Irritable bowel syndrome: Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. It is very common and is caused due to abnormal gut contraction.
  • Urinary tract infection:Infection in urinary tract increases the frequency of urination and mostly this is painful. These infections further lead to left side abdominal pain. Urinary tract infection includes microbial infections of some structures that are parts of the excretory system i.e. kidney, bladder and urethra.
  • Kidney stones:Hard phosphate and urate deposits forming small and hard stones known as kidney stones cause much pain. It happens when such stones do not wash out but rather remain in the kidneys. If such stones are present in right kidney then it leads to right lower side abdominal pain. Presence of these stones will increase in concentration of xanthine, phosphate, oxalate and calcium. It will also reduce the amount of urine.It is said to be one of the worst type of pain in humans.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: Ectopic pregnancy is a main cause for left side abdominal pain for pregnant females. It is state when a fertilized egg gets placed not in uterus but forms outside the uterus. In many cases the eggs gets stuck in the fallopian tubes resulting in miscarriage. If it occurs in the left fallopian tubes then it leads to left side abdominal pain.
  • Ulcer: Some of the causes of ulcer are stress, smoking and bacterial infections. In medical term ulcer is described as a part of tissue erosion. Ulcers could also appear in the walls of the gastrointestinal tracts. These ulcers cause mild to severe pain in the left side of the abdomen.
  • Diverticulitis: Diverticulitis usually affects people of more than sixty years of age. It occurs when the wall of the colon becomes weak. As the walls of the colon weaken tiny pouches form that stick out from the walls of the colon. These pouchesare called as diverticula. Inflammation of diverticula is diverticulitis which results in pain in the left lower side of the abdomen.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease: Inflamed uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes cause pain in the left side of the abdomen. This is called as pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Gastritis: Inflamed wall of the stomach is known as gastritis. Inflammation of the linings of the abdomen results in abdominal pain and burning sensation.
  • Ovarian cysts: Ovarian cyst means formation of cysts in the ovaries of women. These cysts cause mild to severe pain in the left side of the abdomen. Cysts are sacs filled with fluid. Mostly surgeries are performed to clear the cysts. It is very common in women for abdominal pain in left side.
  • Pancreatitis: In medical term inflammation of pancreas is called as pancreatitis. Pancreas is an organ that is situated behind the stomach. It is in the shape of a tube. Its top portion is on the right side whereas its bottom stretches toward the left side of the body. Gallstones and excess use of alcohol leads to inflamed pancreas.

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Besides the above given causes left side abdominal pain could occur because of injuries or muscle strain. Rigorous activities such as heavy exercises, picking up heavy things could lead to injuries or muscle strain.

Symptoms of left side abdominal pain

Left side abdominal pain especially in older people is a matter of concern.Continuous pain in the left side of the abdomen could also mean colon cancer. Some of its symptoms are:

  • Blood stained stools
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Stress
  • Decrease in urination
  • Sudden loss of weight
  • Changes in bowel movements continuously for four days or more without any specific reason
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Anxieties
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tired feeling
  • Nauseated feeling
  • Bloating

Left side abdominal pain should not be taken for granted rather doctor should be consulted immediately for proper treatment.

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