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Hemp Seeds – Nutrition Facts, Benefits

Hemp seeds are obtained from the hemp plant which also provides the well known hemp durable fiber. Since hemp seeds are edible they are used to in the preparation of a number of items. Hemp plant is grouped under the Cannabis plant family. However, it has very low content of THC. THC is classified as a drug in most countries and even industrial hemp has drug-like uses. Different cuisines employ hemp seeds for a variety of purposes, but growing hemp in the United States is illegal. Most of the hemp seeds available for sale in the States come from Canada.

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History of Hemp seeds

For many centuries, hemp has been harvested in Asia and Middle East for its fiber. In the West, the commercial cultivation of hemp commenced only in the 18th century and was solely precipitated due to ever expanding demand for hemp ropes by the navy for its expansion.

In the early 1900s the largest cultivator of hemp was the Soviet Union. The Japanese have been producing hemp for many centuries and using hemp seeds in their various dishes. However, since hemp seeds and hemp plant are closely related to marijuana, their harvest and sale is completely restricted in several countries.

Health benefits of Hemp seeds

  • Hemp seeds and nuts are abundant in the Vitamin E complex, which has tocotrienols and tocopherols in addition to many trace minerals
  • A high quality protein can be found in hemp seeds. Such protein contains a complex combination of nutrients that have considerable quantities of enriching amino acids. This protein is same as that produced in human blood and therefore can be digested without difficulties
  • It has the abilities of a diuretic besides other medicinal purposes.
  • The fundamental composition of hemp seeds contains many important fatty acids that cannot be weighed against other oil sources such as vegetable oils or nuts. Hemp seeds are abundant in fatty acids like omega 6, linoleic acid, omega 3, and alpha-linolenic acids
  • Hemp seeds inhibit the growth of bacteria and destroy ringworm and other parasites.
  • Hemp seeds are very helpful at the time of childbirth, in blood deficiency treatments and in increasing breast-milk flow after childbirth.

Side effects of Hemp seeds

  • Hemp seeds contain miniscule amounts of THC which can cause undesirable side effects in some people
  • Consumption of hemp seeds in combination with anticoagulant drugs can suppress platelets and increase the vulnerability to bleeding. Hence, it is essential to consult a physician before hemp seeds intake.
  • A sensitive digestive tract may find it difficult to digest hemp seeds to the abundant presence of fats and oils in them. This can lead to gastrointestinal system problems and mild diarrhea.
  • Some hemp seeds may have a high concentration of THC, which upon consumption can result in temporary euphoria and hallucinations.

Hemp seeds – Nutritional facts

Every 100 grams of hemp seeds will have the following nutritional content:

Protein 30.6
Dietary fiber 6.0
Fat 47.2
Polyunsaturated fat 36.2
Saturated fat 5.2
Monounsaturated fat 5.8
Stearic 18:0 1.5
Palmitic 16:0 3.4
Oleic 18:1 (Omega-9) 5.8
Calories/100 g 567 kcal
Carbohydrate 10.9
Cholesterol 0 mg
Thiamine (Vit B1) 1.4 mg
Moisture 4.7
Ash 6.6
Riboflavin (Vit B2) 0.3 mg
Pyridoxine (Vit B6) 0.1 mg
Sodium 9.0 mg
Iron 4.7 mg
Vitamin C 1.0 mg
Vitamin E 9.0 IU/100g
Calcium 74.0 mg
Vitamin A (B-Carotene) 4.0 IU/100g
Gamma-Linolenic 18:3 (Omega-6) 0.8
Linoleic 18:2 (Omega-6) 27.6
Linolenic 18:3 (Omega-3) 8.7

 

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