Foamy Urine

Many people mistakenly assume foamy urine to be a sign of cancer and this leads to unnecessary fear and panic. The urine appears foamy when it has lots of bubbles in it. It may occur during the morning or any time of the day. A number of factors could be behind foamy or cloudy urine, and sometimes, the condition can be alarming. This is especially true if it occurs on a regular basis.

The treatment for foamy urine aims to get the urine color back to normal. This may entail simple diet modification, drinking lots of fluids and not forcing urination. However, recurring cases of cloudy urine may require accurate diagnosis and treatment by a qualified doctor.

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Causes of foamy urine

Urine shouldn’t appear cloudy, instead it should present itself in a straw-clear yellow hue. Urine is the by-product of the kidneys, which filter the toxins and other compounds in the blood and turn them into urine for easy disposal. Its foamy appearance can be traced to a number of reasons, such as:

  • Rapid urination

Delaying urination causes more urine to accumulate in the bladder. This results in urinating forcefully to empty the bladder quickly, thereby causing lots of bubbles in the urine to form. These bubbles give the urine its foamy appearance.

  • High-protein diet

Urine becomes murky when it contains excessive amounts of protein. This may occur if the body was not able to digest protein properly or after consuming a high-protein diet. High sources of protein include meats, chicken and fish.

  • Dehydration

Dehydration causes the urine to become concentrated and bubbles form when it is finally expelled.

Foamy urine should not cause any worry if it occurs occasionally and does not show any signs of progression.

When to see a doctor

There are times when expelling foamy or cloudy urine becomes a cause of concern and should be checked by a qualified healthcare provider.

  • Proteinuria

This condition transpires when large amounts of protein leak into the urine. Proteinuria may indicate that something is wrong with the glomeruli – structures that regulate the levels of protein in urine in the kidneys. A doctor will need to evaluate the condition through urinalysis to make a diagnosis.

  • UTI

Urinary tract infection (UTI) occurs when microorganisms find their way to the urinary tract and do harm. These microorganisms are responsible for the foamy appearance of the urine.

  • Malfunctioning bladder sphincter

A malfunctioning bladder sphincter causes the semen to leak out into the bladder and result in cloudy urine.

  • Vesicocolic Fistula

This condition is a result of an unwanted connection that forms between the urinary tract and colon, causing fluid to accumulate at the bottom of the urinary bladder. This fluid buildup cause bubbles to form in the urine which become apparent during urination. Vesicocolic fistula should be evaluated by a doctor due to the possibility of an underlying serious medical problem like Crohn’s disease and tumors.

The patient should try to identify what could possibly be causing the urine to appear foamy.  Taking the necessary steps to address the condition, such as cutting back on proteins, drinking lots of fluid and not delaying urination may solve the problem. However, persistent and aggravating foamy urine should be checked by the doctor.

Foamy Urine Pictures

These images indicate cases of foamy urine



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