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Facial Rash

Facial rash refers to a condition of rash formation on the face. Facial rash may be mild and cause some discomfort, or it may be an indication of some serious underlying disease. Also, the unsightly appearance of facial rash may cause embarrassment and self consciousness in the affected individual and lower his/her self esteem. Some of the causes of facial rash are discussed below.

Causes of facial rash

Facial rash may be a symptom of the below listed conditions:

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  • Eczema: It is a skin disease which results in inflammation of the skin and development of rashes. The disorder can be caused as an allergic reaction to certain substances, due to hereditary causes, or due to prolonged contact with toxins in the environment. Eczema is also commonly seen in diabetic patients who experience dry skin rash and swelling of the arms, as well as facial rash.
  • Heat rash: It is caused due to clogging of the sweat glands beneath the skin’s surface because of increased exposure to hot and humid conditions which causes excessive and prolonged sweating. The facial rash and rashes on other parts of the body may be itchy. Scratching the affected areas can deteriorate the condition.
  • Hives: It is also known as urticaria. It is an allergic reaction to insect bites, certain skin irritants, changes on temperature, viral infections, etc. It leads to blotches of reddish rashes, burning sensations, itchiness and a typical case of facial rash.
  • Contact Dermatitis: This type of skin condition causes a facial rash in addition to affecting other parts of the body like the chest. It can be caused due to contact with allergens, irritants, environmental factors like pollens, certain types of foods, animal hair and chemicals, etc. Exposure of a particular section of the body causes the skin to react negatively resulting in eruption of blisters and itchy rashes.
  • Impetigo: It is a type of facial rash caused by bacterial infection and mostly affecting children and infants. It is very contagious and results in formation of reddish sores around the nose and mouth. Certain cases of impetigo tend to disappear in a few weeks without treatment. Patients can prevent the spread of the condition by maintaining good personal hygiene and not sharing towels, bed sheets, and other personal items. Sometimes, physicians may prescribe topical antibiotics for treating facial rash. Extreme cases of impetigo may require treatment with oral antibiotics. It is important for the affected individuals to finish the entire course of antibiotics therapy to prevent a relapse and to avoid development of resistance to the antibiotics.
  • Herpes Zoster: It is commonly referred to as shingles and is identified by the development of itchy, painful facial rash, as well as rashes on other parts of the body such as the chest. It is commonly seen to affect one side of the body. The disease is caused due to infection by the varicella zoster virus, which is also responsible for chicken pox in children and young adults.
  • Infantile acne: This cause of facial rash generally affects newborns, even healthy babies. The infants may experience the eruption of acne on the cheeks or nose two or three days after birth. It is caused due to hormonal alternations that occur in the baby’s body at the time of fetal development. It fades away without treatment within a couple of weeks.
  • Rosacea: The facial rash that accompanies this inflammatory, chronic skin disease in adults is characterized by pimples and redness of the forehead, cheeks, chin and nose. The condition has an appearance similar to acne with a cyclic nature, i.e. it has a tendency to periodically flare up.
  • Allergic reactions: Facial rash can be caused as an allergic reaction to a number of allergens, consumed food, etc. A few examples include cosmetics, the scarf fabric, food, soap, drinks, weather, jewelry, and excessive sweating.

Treatment of facial rash

  • Most cases of facial rash vanish on its own without treatment. Patients may use anti-itch creams or antihistamines available over the counter to alleviate the symptoms of the condition. Even moisturizing lotions can help.
  • Application of olive oil on the affected areas of the face may provide some relief. You may also use cod liver oil or vitamin E oil to massage the face. Clean the face in the morning with lukewarm water.
  • One can take certain precautions to allow the faster clearance of the facial rash anomalies. Patients should avoid exposure to all allergens. Harsh soaps should be avoided. The use of cosmetics should be stopped for the duration of the skin disorder. Do not scratch the blemishes of facial rash as it can aggravate the condition. Use a scarf with cotton fabrics. Drink lots of water and include fresh vegetables and fruits in the diet. Fruits like orange, guava, strawberry and lemon are rich in vitamin C and will aid in fighting off the facial rash. If the skin problems still do not resolve, then consult a doctor for further treatment.

Facial Rash Pictures

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