Excessive Burping

What causes excessive burping ?  This is something that could affect anyone and can happen anywhere, be it at home, in the office or in school. It could cause social embarrassment and discomfort, especially when it comes with a stinky odor. Burping excessively is definitely not normal and may indicate that something is amiss inside. Affected individuals may also experience other uncomfortable symptoms like bloating and gas pains. People shouldn’t ignore too much burping because it could be a forewarning of an underlying health problem.

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Several steps can be done to manage excessive burping. Medical intervention is also available to treat the underlying health disorder that is causing it. It is very important for those afflicted by the condition to have a doctor evaluate the situation to determine the exact cause of burping excessively and recommend the appropriate treatment method.

Causes of Excessive Burping

Burping is part of the digestive process which involves the expulsion of excess digestive gases through the mouth. This could be a voluntary or an involuntary act. There is no definite number as to what is considered normal or what is excessive belching because each person is different. Burping is considered excessive if it goes beyond the number of burping that is normal for that individual. Usually, excessive burping signifies that there is too much gas in the digestive system, which could be due to:

  • Improper eating habits

Spicy and oily foods, along with overeating and eating at the wrong time, are the major causes of gas buildup. Also, trying to finish the food quickly introduces more air which gets swallowed in the digestive system thus resulting in the accumulation of gas.


  • Food allergies

People with food allergies, like lactose intolerance, usually burp excessively right after eating. These people may have insufficient digestive enzymes which make it hard for their bodies to digest dairy products hence causing unpleasant symptoms.


  • Nutritional supplementation and certain medications

Nutritional supplements also cause too much burping. These include some prescription and non-prescription medications.



Excessive burping during pregnancy

Excessive belching is not a cause for concern during pregnancy because it is a normal occurrence as a result of the increased levels of progesterone hormone and the growing uterus. Digestion normally slows down when a woman is pregnant because progesterone causes the gastrointestinal tissues to relax. Furthermore, as pregnancy advances, the growing uterus compresses the structures within the abdomen, including the intestines, which further slows down digestion.

However, certain medical conditions can also cause excessive burping; and these must be addressed accordingly. Some of these are:

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
  • Gallbladder disorder
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • Hiatus hernia
  • Gastroparesis



Diagnosis and treatment of excessive burping

The doctor will make use of several tests to discover the root cause of too much burping.  These involve breathe test, X-ray examination and CT scan or ultrasound.

Once a definitive diagnosis is attained, the doctor will then plan the appropriate treatment procedure. This could involve opting for healthier and balanced diet, avoiding foods that induce allergic reactions, limiting the consumption of gas-inducing foods and beverages and observing proper eating habits by eating on time and chewing the food properly and slowly. In case of excessive burping due to an underlying medical problem, the doctor will recommended the suitable treatment method to address the problem.


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