Diaper Rash

Diaper rash is a kind of rash that affects the bottoms of babies. In some babies it may occur just once or twice, while in others it may be a persistent condition. It may also be noted that almost all babies tend to experience at least one case of diaper rash during the padded bottom period.

Diaper rash is generally caused due to prolonged contact of the sensitive baby bottom skin with urine. The condition can easily be detection by the telltale symptoms of redness on the baby bottoms. Untreated cases of diaper rash can aggravate and lead to the formation of blisters that are full of pus. Diaper rash with pus-filled blisters is a severe form of diaper rash and does require a pediatrician’s attention.

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There are many ways to treat a case of diaper rash. They are applicable to babies who are experiencing the condition for the first time as well as those infants who have a recurrent case of diaper rash. All the treatment options are discussed in the article.

Causes of diaper rash

  • One of the most common causes of diaper rash is the fact that the delicate bottoms of babies are covered by diapers throughout day and night. These diapers generally tend to get messy and wet, thereby creating a moist and warm region and thus increasing the risk of irritation to the fragile baby skin. This eventually results in development of diaper rash.
  • When a wet diaper is left on for long periods, the moisture in the diaper increases the vulnerability of the delicate skin to abrasion. With the passage of time, there is decomposition of the diaper urine leading to the formation of chemicals which leads to further skin irritation.
  • A diaper rash can also be caused due to prolonged contact with a stool soiled diaper. The digestive chemicals occurring in the stool tend to react with the delicate skin thereby leading to skin irritation.
  • There may be other causes which can lead to chaffing of baby bottoms. Such damaged skin is increasingly susceptible to formation of diaper rash, when it remains in contact with urine and stool for long periods.
  • Diaper rash may also be caused due to infection by yeast. Most cases of yeast infection rash tend to affect the genitals, thighs, and the lower abdominal area. The baby bottoms are rarely affected.
  • Babies who are breast fed are less likely to develop a case of diaper rash as compared to those babies which are bottle fed. There are no known reasons for this.

A few risk factors which can increase the susceptibility of babies to develop diaper rash are listed below:

  • Babies who are not regularly kept dry and clean
  • Babies who fall in the age group of 8 to 10 months
  • Babies who are prone to frequent fecal discharge
  • Babies who are undergoing antibiotic therapy
  • Babies who are consuming solid food items

Treatment of diaper rash (Home  Remedies)

  • Mild cases of diaper rash can be treated at home. Severe instances of diaper rash require medical attention.
  • The first step to treating diaper rash is by changing the diaper as soon as it is soiled. The baby’s bottom should be cleaned with warm water and some diluted antibacterial solution. A new diaper should not be immediately dressed. Instead the baby should be allowed to wander with a bare bottom for a few hours.
  • In case a baby that is prone to getting diaper rash, then the quality or brand of diaper may be the cause. Caregivers can change it and check for results.
  • Application of aloe vera gel, milk of magnesia, or olive oil can help soothe the itchiness

Prevention of diaper rash

Some of the preventive measures which can help in decreasing the risk to development of diaper rash are mentioned below:

  • Changing of the diaper as soon as it gets soiled, messy, or wet. During each diaper change, the baby bottom has to be thoroughly cleaned and then dried. The skin creases and folds should receive extra attention.
  • Avoid scrubbing the baby’s bottom when changing diapers. Increased pressure while cleaning the baby bottom can result in breakdown of the skin. Caregivers just need to pat the area dry.
  • Always clean from the front to the back, particularly for the female child. This prevents the passage of rectal bacteria to the genital area.
  • Do not use perfumed or harsh soaps when cleaning the baby bottoms. Cloth diapers should be washed in very mild detergents that do not contain chemicals. Also use hot water to rinse the cloth diapers.
  • The diapers should not be secured on too tight. Gaps for passage of air should be maintained. Do not use plastics as diaper covers. Instead go for fabrics that facilitate the flow of air.
  • Babies that tend to sleep through the night and wake up with a soiled diaper in the morning require extra attention. Caregivers should apply diaper ointment on the babies’ bottoms before putting them to bed in the night.

Diaper Rash Pictures

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