Cellulitis is an infection of the skin and the surrounding soft tissue found under the dermis layer. This condition occurs when bacteria infect the skin through openings or cracked dermis layer and begins to spread on the skin or under the dermis. The body releases pathogen-fighting substances to fight the infections, which results to inflammation. When the body tissue is infected, the body defense mechanism reacts by sending disease-fighting substances such as antibodies, which cause inflammation of the tissue.

The inflammation leads to swelling, pain, and redness or sensation of warmth. Cellulitis can affect people with trauma on skin and other conditions like diabetes. In addition, people with circulatory problems like insufficient blood flow to limbs and lymphatic drainage may also suffer this condition. Moreover, people with varicose veins and poor venous are also likely to suffer from cellulitis. Other skin disorders like psoriasis and eczema can also suffer cellulitis infection.

Sponsored link

What causes cellulitis skin infection

Cellulitis is caused by various aspects and one is that injuries can break the skin and expose it to bacterial infection. Surgical procedures on skin may also leave it open, exposing it to infections. Other conditions may affect the skin and break it thus allowing bacteria to invade it. A good example is chronic skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema.

Foreign objects in the skin can also cause the condition. Another cause is the infection of bone underneath the skin especially in a patient who has had a long-standing open wound, which is deep enough to expose the bone underneath the dermis. This may happen in people with diabetes who may not feet their feet.

What are the symptoms of cellulitis?

This condition can occur in any part of the body and will mostly affect those areas, which have previously been damaged or inflamed by other condition. For example, it will occur in inflamed lesions, areas with bad circulation of blood, contaminated cuts or areas with deteriorating skin condition.

A patient with cellulitis will show symptoms such as swelling and redness of the skin. Inflammation occurring on the skin makes it red and swollen. Similarly, a patient may show red streaking of kin or body areas engulfed with redness. Warmth sensation may accompany the redness and swelling. Other signs are pain and tenderness.

The skin may also leak or drain pus or a yellow clear fluid and this is because of the bacteria infection. Patients may experience fevers and chills if the condition spreads to the body through blood. Therefore, you should call a doctor when you have any of the signs and symptoms like redness on the skin, fever and chills, swelling, tenderness, increased sensation of warmth and drainage of pus from the skin.

An emergency treatment may be sought if a patient has high fever or chills, nausea and vomiting as well as enlargement or hardening of the redness skin. In addition, if you have increasing pain and numbness of the reddened area when touched, you must seek emergency treatment.

Treatment of cellulitis

Depending on severity of this condition or any other secondary disorder, treatment may be provided at home or from the hospital. If the cellulitis infection is mild and not severe, you could take treatment at home. Your doctor will prescribe the medication to take including antibiotics to help treat the bacterial infection.

As part of home treatment and management of the condition, you need to rest the area of the body, which is infected. You also need to elevate the area affected and this will help decrease swelling and relieve discomfort. You can use over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen to help ease the pain and reduce fever.

Intravenous or intramuscular antibiotics may be used if the infection is so severe and painful. This medication may be applied also if a patient has other medical problems. In addition, intravenous or intramuscular antibiotics treatment method may be applied if a patient is very young or too old. If a patient has infections around sensitive structures like the eye socket, then intravenous antibiotics may be administered.

Similarly, if cellulitis has affected extensive areas of the skin, intravenous treatment may be appropriate. If a patient has developed extensive skin infections, hospitalization may be necessarily to get closer examination. Moreover, if important body areas like the face have extensively been affected, intravenous- IV treatment is given for about 2-3 days and when the infection is under good control, the medication may be switched to oral and this can be taken at home.

Rarely does cellulitis require surgery procedures but if there is collection or an abscess of yellowish clear fluid or pus, the skin area may be surgically opened to allow the fluid drain or leak out effectively. Similarly, where dead tissue has resulted from the infection, it may need to be cut surgically to allow healing process go on fast.

Pictures of Cellulitis

Sponsored link
Filed in: Diseases and Conditions

Get Updates

Share This Post

Recent Posts

Leave a Reply

Submit Comment

© 2018 See Ya Doctor. All rights reserved.