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Bee Sting Swelling

Bee sting swelling is an everyday outdoor trouble. In a majority of cases, bee sting swelling is only bothersome and home remedies are all that is needed to resolve the problem. However, individuals who are stung multiple times, or those who have allergies to bee stings, may experience severe reactions which require immediate medical attention. There are many ways to treat bee stings swelling. Also, people can follow several guidelines to avoid bee stings.

Symptoms of bee sting swelling

Different individuals may react differently to bee stings. Some may experience temporary discomfort and pain, while others may suffer from a severe allergic reaction. It may be noted that people who suffer from one specific type of reaction to bee stings may not necessarily have the same reaction on each occasion that they are stung.

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Minor reactions: In most cases, be sting swelling is accompanied by minor reactions such as:

  • Sharp and instant burning pain at the sting location
  • A bee sting swelling and pain often disappears with some hours in most people
  • A tiny, whitish mark can be noticed at the spot where the skin was punctured
  • The bee sting region may elicit a reddish welt
  • There may be minimal swelling around the affected area

Big localized reaction:A stronger bee sting swelling reaction is experienced by about 10% of sufferers. Its symptoms include:

  • Swelling at the location of the bee sting which slowly becomes large over the next few days
  • Severe redness

These kind of bee sting swelling reactions often disappear within 5 to 10 days. People who experience a large localized reaction may not necessarily develop an extreme reaction the next time they are stung. However, a few individuals always develop large local reactions after each bee sting swelling. Such patients should consult a physician for treatment as well as future prevention.

Numerous bee stings

Bees are most likely to use stings as a way to defend themselves. Hence, most bee sting swelling cases will only cause a few sting marks. However, people who disturb bee hives may get several times by the bees. Africanized honeybees are known for swarming and stinging in a group. People who are stung several times will most likely experience a toxic reaction to the bee venom. In addition to feeling sick, patients may elicit the below listed symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Vomiting, nausea, or diarrhea
  • Vertigo
  • Seizures
  • Fainting or feeling faint
  • Fever

Multiple bee sting swelling can result in a medical emergency in older adults, children, and in those individuals with respiratory or cardiac issues.

Anaphylaxis or extreme allergic reaction: Anaphylaxis which a severe reaction to bee stings is a dangerous condition and require emergency care. About 3 percent of the individuals who experience bee sting swelling rapidly develop anaphylaxis symptoms as listed below:

  • Breathing difficulties
  • Other areas of the body not affected by the bee sting swelling may also experience skin reactions such as itchiness, paleness of skin, hives, or flushed skin. Anaphylactic reactions are always accompanied by such adverse skin reactions.
  • The tongue and throat may elicit swelling
  • Unconsciousness
  • Vomiting, nausea, or diarrhea
  • A rapid and weak pulse
  • Fainting or dizziness

Individuals who suffer from extreme allergic reactions to bee stings are most likely to develop anaphylaxis the next time they get stung. It is important for such people to consult with an allergy specialist to find out varied treatment and preventive options.

Causes of bee sting swelling

The venom of a bee sting comprises of proteins which affect the immune system and the skin cells, thereby causing swelling and pain around the affected region. Individuals with allergies to bee sting swelling or bee poison can suffer from a more severe form of immune system reaction.

The following factors can increase the risk to developing a bee sting swelling:

  • Residing in areas which have increased bee activity, or which are located near bee hives
  • People who have experienced allergic reactions to bee stings are at greater risk
  • People who work in the outdoors
  • People taking certain drugs like beta blockers are more vulnerable
  • Adults are more susceptible to fatal anaphylactic reactions as compared to children

Treatment of bee sting swelling

Most cases of bee sting swelling can be remedies by home treatment methods. However, multiple bee stings or severe allergic reactions to bee stings require immediate medical attention.

  • Minor cases of bee sting swelling can be treated by removing the stinger and the venom sac as soon as possible. Wash the area with water and soap and use cold compresses to ease swelling and pain.
  • In addition to above discussed remedies, people may apply hydrocortisone cream to large localized bee sting swelling to alleviate itchiness. Oral antihistamines may be taken to relieve severe itchiness
  • Severe allergic reactions or anaphylactic reactions to bee sting swelling requires emergency care. Individuals prone to such reactions must carry a shot of epinephrine at all times along with instructions on how to use them.

Bee sting swelling – pictures

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