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Back Pain Before Period

Back pain before period is a common complaint among women throughout their childbearing years. The severity of back pain differs from one woman to another, with some finding it merely annoying while for others, it is debilitating. The pain, which is felt at the center of the lower back, is responsible for painful menstruation. Hormonal changes trigger this kind of pain before or during menstruation, although some underlying medical conditions may also cause back pain.

Back pain before or during period is fleeting and normally clears up even without treatment. On the other hand, back pain that is caused by an underlying health problem must be treated accordingly. Management may involve pain medications to relieve the discomfort as well as the appropriate treatment course to address the root problem. Living a healthy lifestyle and taking nutritional supplements can help women deal with the condition effectively.

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Causes of back pain before period

The pain that many women feel before their period can also be felt all the way through their menstrual flow since back pain before or during period happen due to similar reasons. This kind of menstrual pain is known as dysmenorrhea. There are two reasons why dysmenorrhea happens and they are classified accordingly.

  • Primary dysmenorrhea

Primary dysmenorrhea causes mild to strong abdominal contractions. The pain is usually the result of hormonal imbalance of prostaglandins in particular. These hormones are responsible for stimulating uterine contraction which will lead to the shedding of the uterine lining or menstruation. The pain may begin a few days before menstruation starts and continues for a couple of days during the period.

  • Secondary dysmenorrhea

Back pain before period or during menstrual flow could likewise be attributed to some underlying medical conditions, such as sexually transmitted diseases (STD), pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), endometriosis, ovarian cyst and uterine infection. The severity of the pain differs relative to the medical problem existing.

Sometimes, back pain before or during menstruation occurs due to high level of prostaglandin as well as an existing medical problem. In such case, it would be best for to see the gynecologist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Back pain before period – other accompanying symptoms

Around 75% to 80% of the female population experience back pain before or during period. It should be noted that the intensity of the pain differs between each of them. In fact, a few do not feel any intense pain at all as they consider the sensation tolerable. Aside from back pain, women also experience:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Radiating dull ache towards the legs
  • Headache
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Frequent urination
  • Diarrhea/constipation
  • Heavy menstruation

Managing back pain before or during period effectively

Back pain before period does not last long and disappear over time. However, if the pain prevents a woman from accomplishing even the simplest tasks, she can find relief from pain medications. Diet modification and proper stress management also aid in alleviating the discomfort. In case an underlying medical disorder is the reason for the back pain before and during menstruation, it would be best to consult a doctor for the suitable treatment option.

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